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Red Lake Minnesota Community Guide


Location:


Population: 
 Lower Red Lake Unorganized Territory 1970 1980 1990 2000 1990-2000 Change
Actual Percent
Population 2,675 2,855 3,621 5,057 1,436 39.66
Land Area (sq. mile) 137.3 140.1 141.2 141.2 -0.01 -0.00
Density (persons per sq. mile) 19.48 20.37 25.65 35.82 10.17 39.66
Housing Units 576 720 1,016 1,378 362 35.63
Households -- 686 929 1,323 394 42.41
Persons Per Household -- 4.15 3.85 3.79 -0.06 -1.51

Geography:

Red Lake is a census-designated place (CDP) within the Lower Red Lake unorganized territory located in Beltrami County, Minnesota. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.4 mi˛ (34.7 km˛), of which 13.0 mi˛ (33.6 km˛) is land and 0.4 mi˛ (1.1 km˛), 3.06%, is water. The elevation is 1,211 ft (369 m) above sea level.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Demographics:

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,430 people, 400 households, and 320 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 110.2/mi˛ (42.5/km˛). There were 421 housing units at an average density of 32.4˛ (12.5/km(). The racial makeup of the CDP was 1.82% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 97.69% Native American, 0.07% from other races, and 0.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.47% of the population.

There were 400 households out of which 49.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.5% were married couples living together, 42.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.53 and the average family size was 3.88.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 44.1% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household was $23,224, and the median income for a family was $20,800. Males had a median income of $22,257 versus $22,431 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,787. About 36.8% of families and 36.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.8% of those under the age of 18 and 44.4% of those 65 and older.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


History:  

Red Lake Develops Early Among County Communities

John G. Morrison, Jr. knew the Ojibwe people well. Residing on reservations for all but a few months of his life, he became an expert on both the government and the people influencing Indian life in northern Minnesota. John attended boarding school on the White Earth Reservation as a young man, and continued his education at the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania in 1892. A few months later he returned to Minnesota, working in the Beaulieu, Ponsford, and Red Lake areas.

In 1896, he accepted a job with the U.S. Government's Indian Service, and for the next few years taught in federal reservation schools from Wisconsin to Washington. On October 1, 1900, he was transferred to Cross Lake on the northern shore of lower Red Lake, to start a school with his wife, Edith MacArthur Morrison. He also served as postmaster in the community of Ponemah.

In 1907, John left teaching to operate his father's general store in Red Lake and to become the Red Lake postmaster, Twelve years later he again changed careers, returning to White Earth to serve as a field man for the U.S. Government in managing Indian affairs. He continued working for his people in various federal capacities until 1940, when he retired with his wife to Redby.


The view of early Red Lake looking west. Morrison and Gravelle's Chippewa Trading Store is on the right on the road north to the pow-wow grounds. The bridge is over Mill Creek, named after an early sawmill. The Morrison Hotel is seen north and slightly east of the Chippewa Store. Photo Courtesy of North Central Minnesota Historical Center

John C. Morrison, Jr. Remembers...

As I remember Red Lake in 1888 it was a sprawling, long, narrow village along the lake, much as it is today. William R. Spears had a store there, which he had started in 1879 according to a sign on the front of it. He had started in his trading activities following the Indians around with a wagon when they were digging senaca root. He was a single man and spent his winters in a shack in Red Lake. When I first met him, he was right near Warren's stopping place where the Indians were digging the root. So many Indians were at work that he had root stored in a tent which he called "Snake Root City." Spear's original store was made of two logs long with staggered joints. It was about 400 feet from the Main street, just north on the road that runs down to the pow-wow grounds. Old Chief Moosedung had a little store downhill from Spears, on a side hill. The old American Fur Company store was right on the brown of the hill and Spears was in back of it.

It seems to me that Allan Jourdain had a little stock of goods in the American Fur Co. building. William Sayers, his brother-in-law, was clerking for him. He also owned the mail route and had the contract from White Earth to Red Lake, which he hired an Indian carrier to handle by packing on his back. One of the carriers was Nayzatkwigaowh, meaning man who stands alone. When he gave it up, Allan's brother, Peter Jourdain, carried the mail, generally with a little pony team. The Red Lake Post Office, the first in Beltrami County [established 1875], was at the Agency.

The Agency was in the same general location it is now and was headed by an overseer, Mr. Reed. I think there were five or six employees. There was no hospital there at that time but there was a doctor, possibly Dr. Laird. A small green schoolhouse was operated by the federal government. There was just one teacher who was called superintendent. The Agency blacksmith, carpenter, teamster, doctor and school employees probably brought the total number to ten people working for the government. There were, in addition, seven policemen. I believe they rotated a day apiece with a man always on duty.

There were no roads to speak of —just trails and mudholes.

The Indians in Red Lake raised a lot of vegetables at that time: corn, squash and potatoes. In the trader's store we used to buy corn. Seneca roots in the summertime and fur in the wintertime were used by the Indians for barter.

In 1888 the Catholics had a mission at the site of the cemetery which Father Aloysius visited from time to time, and late that fall Father Thomas Borgerding and some sisters arrived in Red Lake to maintain the mission on a full-time basis and start a school.

When I came back to Red Lake to work in 1893 things were picking up There were two main stores. I clerked for William Spears about two years. At that time Red Lake was the only town in Beltrami County area when you could buy a reasonable supply of groceries and other necessities of life. The county had not been organized and Red Lake was the only town in the county at that time. In 1893 it was largely a jumping-off place for homesteaders, steamboats and other settlers moving in. The lands settled on were largely those which had been ceded by the Indians of the Red Lake Reservation.


One of the last official Red Lake Indian delegations to Washington, D.C., in 1909 to discuss treaties. Shown above left to right are (front row) George Highlanding, Everwind, John English, Chief Nodin of Ponemah; back row, left to right, Joe Mason, P.H. Beauleau, Kingbird. Basil Lawrence, Attorney John Gibbons of Bemidji, Alex Jourdain, Babeegeshig, Ehmeewequanobe. Photo Courtesy of Beltrami County Historical Society

John B. Fairbanks had a little store in Red Lake and Tom Gurneau ran a little stopping place, a little log building with garret rooms for people who were forced to stay there overnight.

Steamboats had been running on Red Lake for probably two or three years when I came up here in 1893 to work. Captain Pete Eberhardt had a boat on Red Lake which he called The Viking. He made regular trips, depending upon the wind. If the wind was blowing from the west, the water was too low and he couldn't get into the lake. It was too shallow at the bar. This boat was probably 60-70 feet long. There was enough water in the Red Lake River to float it all the way down to Thief River Falls. Later on, another boat came on the lake. It was run by Herman Cook. Then the Alice Meehan came on, a passenger boat. Olaf Hanson ran a boat that wouldn't go out on the lake but followed along the shore. He called it the Christina. And then there were quite a few towboats: the Martin Lally, the Michael Kelly, the Old Mudhen and the Jim Meehan. The Margarite, Chippewa, Beltrami and J.P. Kinney came on later. The lake was quite a highway. Quite a few boats towed logs across every day.

About 1893 and 1894 they were doing extensive logging up here. Bill Lennon came. C.A. Smith had a lot of holdings here and the walking boss was Fred Kribs — Fred and Al Kribs. The timber estimator was Jimmie Mullen. There was quite a bit of work being done on the lake. In the wintertime freighters from Terrebonne and Brooks and where Oklee is now hauled their beef and pork and eggs to us for the camps.

Red Lake was becoming busy with trading and supplying camps in the winter and driving and towing in the summer. Times were improving.

From "In Our Own Backyard" by Carol Russell
© 1979, North Central Minnesota Historical Center


An Indian family at Red Lake is pictured above. The wigwam, left, is a recreation tent.
Photo Courtesy of North Central Minnesota Historical Center


Government:  unorganized
Post Office:
US Post Office
115 State Highway 1
Redlake, MN
56671-4400
Phone:
(218) 679-3929
Toll Free:
(800) ASK-USPS
Web:
www.usps.com
US Post Office
Regular Business Hours:
Week Days      
9:00 am - 12:30 pm
                        1:45 pm - 4:00 pm

Saturday          
Closed  
Latest Collection at Post Office:
Week Days            4:30 pm
Saturday                2:30 pm

Professional Hosting fro Just Host


Utilities:
Utility Type Utility Name Utility Phone
Electricity

n/a

--
Natural Gas n/a --
Wastewater n/a --
Water n/a --
Telephone n/a --
Cable TV n/a --

Major Employers:
Employer Products/Services Employees

n/a



News:
Weather:

Click for Red Lake, Minnesota Forecast


Map:


View Larger Map

Minnesota State Highway Map of the Red Lake Minnesota area
Minnesota State Highway Map of the Red Lake Minnesota area


Events:

none


Attractions:
Seven Clans Casino
Highway One East
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2500
 

Recreation:
   


Lakes:
Lake Name Size
(acres)
Lake info Lake Map Rec Map Topo Map
Lower Red n/a n/a n/a

Health Care:
Red Lake Hospital
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3912
 

Schools:
Redlake School District
23990 State Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3353
 
Redlake High School
15700 Weasel Road
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3733
 
Redlake Middle School
23990 Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2700
 
Redlake Elementary School
24900 Elementary Street
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3329
 
Red Lake Northern Winds Prmry
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2375
 
Red Lake Nation College
23750 State Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2860
 

Churches: 
St. Mary's Mission
15272 St. Marys Mission Road
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3614
 

Media:
   
 
Motels:

none


Resorts:

none


Campgrounds:

none


Businesses:
Beaulieu Brothers Inc Hdqrs
Po Box 351
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3514
 
Beaulieu's Cafe
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2118
 
Beaulieu's Gas & Store
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3863
 
BIA Law & Order Care
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2273
 
Community Action Program
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3336
 
Direct From The Rez Crafts
34698 Hwy 1 W
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2798
 
Don's West End Video
Hwy 1 N 89
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3900
 
Earthworks Technology Inc
Highway 89 S
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3480
 
Equay Wiigaming
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3443
 
Green Lake Pawn Shop
13625 Shell Lake Rd
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3604
 
Indian Affairs Bureau
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3361
 
Indian Health Svc
15765 Holstein Ave
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3912
 
Northern Winds Treatment Ctr
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3387
 
Office Of Trust Funds Mgmt
Po Box 498
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3261
 
Recon Design Studios
Po Box 364
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 556-8211
 
Red Lake Community Center
Rr 1 Box 512
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3221
 
Red Lake Convenience & Take
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-4305
 
Red Lake Fire Station
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3473
 
Red Lake Gaming Enterprises
24388 Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2111
 
Red Lake Hospital
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3912
 
Red Lake Housing & Financing
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3897
 
Red Lake Housing Authority
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3368
 
Red Lake Iga
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3888
 
Red Lake Nation College
23750 State Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2860
 
Red Lake Nation Foods Inc
15761 High School Dr
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2611
 
Red Lake Northern Winds Prmry
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2375
 
Red Lake Outpatient Program
State Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3995
 
Red Lake Sanitation
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3377
 
Red Lake Tribal Agency
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3361
 
Red Lake Tribal Co-Americorps
Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2675
 
Red Lake Tribal Court
PO Box 572
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3303
 
Red Lake Tribal Craft
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2588
 
Red Lake Tribal Natural Rsrcs
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3959
 
Red Lake Tribal Operations
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2297
 
Red Lake Tribal Public Safety
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3313
 
Red Lake Women's Shelter
State Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3444
 
Redby Ball Park
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2250
 
Redlake Ambulance Service
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3327
 
Redlake Elementary School
24900 Elementary Street
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3329
 
Redlake High School
15700 Weasel Road
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3733
 
Redlake Middle School
23990 Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2700
 
Redlake Police Department
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3313
 
Redlake School District
23990 State Highway 1 E
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3353
 
Rudolph Mechanical Heat & Air
PO Box 537
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2687
 
Seven Clans Casino
Highway One East
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-2500
 
St. Mary's Convent & Store
15167 St. Marys Mission Road
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3615
 
St. Mary's Mission
15272 St. Marys Mission Road
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3614
 
St. Marys Mission School
15341 Saint Marys Mission Road
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3388
 
US Forestry Department
15761 High School Drive
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3381
 
US Health Aide Office
Highway 1
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3355
 
US Interior Department
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3366
 
Verdell's Garage
Bot Drive
Redlake, MN 56671
Phone: (218) 679-3546
 

Aerial Photo:   


View Larger Map


Topographic Map:   [click map to enlarge, zoom in or zoom out]

Topographic map of the Red Lake Minnesota area
Topographic map is courtesy of the Minnesota DNR - click map to zoom or enlarge 


 

 
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